Under what conditions will Rohingya people gain back their freedom? | Eurasia Diary - ednews.net

29 October, Thursday


Under what conditions will Rohingya people gain back their freedom?

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The Rohingya conflict is an ongoing conflict in the Northern part of Myanmar's Rakhine State (formerly known as Arakan), characterized by sectarian violence between the Rohingya Muslim and Rakhine Buddhist. According to Human Rights Watch, “The Rohingya have faced decades of discrimination and repression under successive Myanmar governments. Effectively denied citizenship under the 1982 Citizenship Law, they are one of the largest stateless populations in the world.” Being stateless is heartbreaking; to some people it takes away their Identity. Well, how we define ourselves differ but to others it is a self-representation of culture, interests, relationships and efficacy in doing the things that matter to us. Our sense of identity and belonging is impacted by various factors, including our experiences, community and our physical environment. The fate of not having a country to identify yourself with is a daily struggle for Rohingyas, and it left many of them illegal immigrants in Bangladesh. Under what conditions will Rohingya people gain back their freedom? About 900,000 Rohingya are currently living in overcrowded camps in Bangladesh, this is because those who remains in Rakhine State, are a subject of Government persecution, violence and all sorts of abuse which are against human rights. Some are confined into camps and villages where there’s no freedom of movement, they were cut off from access to adequate food, health care, education, and livelihoods.

From a Constructivists viewpoint, states are not the most important actors in international relations, but international institutions and other non-state actors are valuable in influencing behavior through lobbying and acts of persuasion. Making constructivism a popular and essential theory in recent decades as non-state actors like international organizations play vital roles in the political arena. International Organizations like the United Nations have the power to resolve the Rohingya conflict. The United Nations General Assembly has approved a resolution strongly condemning rights abuses against Rohingya Muslims and other minority groups in Myanmar, including arbitrary arrests, torture, rape, and deaths in detention. The New York Times newspaper updated this on January 23 this year (2020). The body approved the resolution, which also calls on Myanmar’s government to take urgent measures to combat incitement of hatred against the Rohingya and other minorities in the states of Rakhine, Kachin, and Shan. General Assembly resolutions are not legally binding, but they often reflect world opinion. Organization of Islamic Cooperation has a crucial role to play as well. No one chooses to be a refugee, and knowing the reason why these people left their country, security and safety are all they need. As Muslims, Islamic Umah should be at the center of the OIC, not Nationalism. Islamic Umah does not promote singularity; therefore the OIC Member States can contribute to freeing Rohingyas. We all know that the road to justice is long It's not easy but, these people need support, International Support.

However, other scholars believe that, since the problem started in Myanmar, the solution also lies in Myanmar. International organizations are working with governments and civil societies to help these refugees. They are providing support to those who live near camps. Covid-19 situation seems to be destruction to all these developments, but the UN and other International Organizations are working on it. World Health Organization helped with medicine and equipped camps with 24 hours operating healthy centers. This has helped to reduce the number of covid-19 infections and death rates in general. In addition to this, the European Commission released €31 million in humanitarian aid to address the Rohingya crisis in Bangladesh and Myanmar. “The Rohingya crisis is in its third year. It is more important than ever to maintain our support and not forget those that remain dependent on humanitarian aid to survive. We are committed to supporting both refugees and host communities in Cox's Bazar, as well as to the vulnerable Rohingya in Myanmar. It will ensure that those most in need continue to receive life-saving assistance, while being protected from the effects of flood and other hazards”, said Commissioner for Crisis Management Janez Lenarčič.

The world questions, “Under what conditions will Rohingya people gain back their birth freedom?”  There is need for improved trust and coordination. And like I mentioned previously, International Organizations have an essential role to play. NORCAP had experts working with various UN agencies in Cox’s Bazar at the start of the Rohingya influx since August 2017. They responded to the urgent, life-saving needs, providing shelter, clean water, health services and education to the refugees as well as   reducing risk of violence against women and girls. Training youth to cover community needs. These programs are important because they provide youth with the tools and knowledge needed to make a living, while also reducing the risk of trafficking, child labor, prostitution, and early marriage. The type of training the teenagers receive is in line with the needs in the camps, meaning that once the training is complete, they can find a job or create their own businesses, while also providing services needed in the camps. Youths from all over the world can help too. They are advised to use their Social Media platforms to raise awareness to people who do not know this crisis. Writing projects is necessary, youths can seek funding from governments or different organizations to implement these projects in camps. Others can volunteer to take part in these projects. Those with good knowledge of languages and other subjects can volunteer to become teachers for a certain period of time.

To conclude, Rohingya Muslims deserve a good identity and freedom. Under the Constructivism theory, International Organizations have an essential part to play in resolving this issue. Even though other scholars believe final solutions to the crisis lie only with Myanmar, IOs should intervene. Young people are advised to participate, through volunteering projects, writing (projects, articles, vlogs), raising awareness on their social media platforms and acquiring knowledge from all sectors of live, for example theory and practical education.

Written by TATENDA MELODY MUDARA

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