Astronomers witness that supermassive black hole firing jets moving near speed of light - First Time Ever | Eurasia Diary - ednews.net

25 January, Saturday


Astronomers witness that supermassive black hole firing jets moving near speed of light - First Time Ever

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The scientists revealed that the famous black hole M87* emitting jets of material that travel at near the speed of light, Eurasia Diary reports citing Science Alert.

The black hole takes its name from the galaxy Messier 87 (M87) where it locates. Last year, Horizon Telescope could capture the photo of the black hole which goes viral among astronomy lovers.

It's a supergiant elliptical galaxy 53 million light-years away from us.

M87* (M87 star) is a supermassive black hole which is 6.5 billion times more massive than the Sun.

Chandra X-ray observations show that sections of this jet are moving at greater than 99 percent the speed of light.

"This is the first time such extreme speeds by a black hole's jet have been recorded using X-ray data," said Ralph Kraft of the Center of Astrophysics | Harvard & Smithsonian (CfA) in Cambridge, in a press release. "We needed the sharp X-ray vision of Chandra to make these measurements."

 

The black hole draws material around its disk and the materials are not doomed only a few of them sink into the center. The materials around the disk start turning around the disk and they are ejected back out into space.

Jets are not featureless they take the shape like knots clump. It has been observed that two knots travel with unbelievable speeds, one of them moves 6.3 times the speed of light and the other one 2.4 times the speed of light.

It is not the breaking of laws of physics is that nothing can move faster than the speed of light. It is superluminal motion. It means that when an object moves near the light of speed, it creates an illusion which is called superluminal motion.

Astronomers are not sure about their speeds, because they think it could be a shock wave.

Generally, such speedy objects have been observed but not in X-ray light.

"Our work gives the strongest evidence yet that particles in M87*'s jet are actually traveling at close to the cosmic speed limit", said study co-author Brad Snios, also of the CfA

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