The destination of Turkey’s measures that will take against such repressions is clear - Expert | Eurasia Diary - ednews.net

12 May, Wednesday


The destination of Turkey’s measures that will take against such repressions is clear - Expert

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Turkey and Azerbaijan, two brotherly countries, share a similar fate with their western neighbours. Many conflicting issues over the years have created excuses for other rival states to intervene.

For example, if Armenia, as a state, reached an agreement with Azerbaijan, there would be no need for Russian mediation. Similarly, if Greece could reach an agreement with an influential state like Turkey on some issues, both in the Eastern Mediterranean and in Cyprus, the United States would not have to travel thousands of miles to act as an advocate in the Middle East. But sometimes the issues are not the way they should be.

Recently, Western media have reported that Greece wants to take refuge in the United States and create a shield of it in the Eastern Mediterranean and Cyprus. It is a surprising fact that Greece, a close ally of NATO, has turned to the United States instead of its close neighbour, Turkey.

For more accurate and detailed information, Eursia Diary interviewed Turkish political analyst Mehmet Babacan.

- According to some western sources, US and Greece are going to unite against Turkey. How possible do you think is this?  

- First of all, it should be noted that Greece, Turkey and the United States of America (USA) are all three of the members of the NATO alliance, and there is a relationship between them. In particular, Greece and Turkey have more importance for the US in terms of constituting NATO's south-eastern wing. This significance was given them by US at the Cold War conditions, because of their belief that they served as a buffer against the Soviet threat. 

Furthermore, when Greece tried to leave NATO membership under the pretext of intervention in Cyprus, the US decided to create Rogers Plan in 1970 within a formula that Turkey would persuade Greece to return NATO. 

Of course, today's international conjuncture is very different. Similar to the US-Soviet Russia rivalry, the US-China global power struggle is mentioned, but I cannot see the People's Republic of China as the new hegemonic power candidate that will bring an alternative to the liberal international order. These discussions are often held very loudly in political circles, emphasising China during the pandemic period, but we do not know exactly what the post-corona era / post-corona-world will look like yet. 

Let's come back to the question. New President Joe Biden and his team’s ideological, bureaucratic and organisational reflexes against Turkey have already been estimated in Turkey. US, in fact played the Greece cards regarding to the S-400 defence missiles as well as impeding the process of Turkey-Russia relations. 

Generally, I do not see any possible confrontation or pressure of USA-Greece against Turkey. Because in terms of its geopolitical and strategic capacity Turkey is a powerful country in front of US, and even the US imposing sanctions against Turkey can be to a certain extent. Otherwise this can irretrievably damage relations between US and Turkey and the United States would never want it in their relations with Turkey.

- American political expert Bill Antholis has noted that the Biden administration should cooperate with Greece on issues of Estern Mediterranean and Cyprus. Is this a thread aganst Turkey? 

- France had tried this in the Eastern Mediterranean and Libya before the USA. Turkey’s increasing effect and activism in the crisis and conflict zones have been of a great concern for the Western alliance. Likewise, there is now a global player that makes its presence felt in Syria, Libya, the Eastern Mediterranean and the Southern Caucasus and can turn the processes for its favour. Therefore, the formation of a set of anti-Turkey group that is not satisfied with the situation is quite obvious. The same is in the Middle East and in the Gulf. Except for Qatar, of course, the countries like Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Kuwait ever took place across Turkey in Syria, Egypt and Libya. When we came to the Cyprus issue, the Turkish Cypriots said "Yes" to the Annan Plan in 2004, while the Greek Cypriots voted "No / OHI" and preferred a deadlock. However, their wrong attitudes were rewarded, the next year the Greek Cypriots were accepted to the European Union and as if they represented the whole island. It is not possible to confirm this and state that it is true. For years, the Greek Cypriots and Greece have stood up to solve the Cyprus Problem and acted on the principle of "no solution is a solution". The EU and the USA also supported Greece, which is a member of the Union, and although they knew very well that the Turkish side was right to the end, they became the supporters of Greece's unlawful, illegitimate and irrational demands in the Eastern Mediterranean and Cyprus as well as acting as Greece's lawyer in the Cyprus problem. The cooperation between Greece the US won’t pose a threat to Turkey, and does not reflect this fact, because in this case Turkey is much closer to the more global competitors being away from the United States. The US is well aware of this and will take its steps accordingly. As regards the Eastern Mediterranean and Cyprus, international law and history reveal who has justified reasons.

- Can Turkey solve issues with Greece within just EU? How generally Turkey can prevnt the US meddling in these issues? 

- The United States wants to continue to play the current hegemonic power of the international system in some issues and regions, although this is now openly debated and criticized. However, in Libya and Syria, for example, it has been reluctant to act like a hegemon and intervene since Obama. Likewise, Trump has taken an indifferent attitude towards global crises and conflicts, stating that the interests of his own country are priority. When we look at the US history the idea that ‘the Cyprus problem cannot be solved without the US’ has been hinted at many times, and in 1964 the letter Johnson that sent to the Prime Minister of the Republic of Turkey, where indicated the utilization weapons was a possible intervention aimed to dissuade the operation of Turkey in the island. Yes, a long time has passed, history has changed, geographies have changed, but the Cyprus Problem has not been solved yet. In the current conjuncture, who insisted on a two-state solution to the people of the island should understand that Turkish Cypriots have a Turkey that supports them. The Greek Cypriot Administration, on the other hand, wants to use the European Union membership at every opportunity to solve the problem under the roof of the EU. Therefore it seems impossible to solve this problem within the EU without the USA. Because the EU will be supportive of the demands of the Greek Cypriot side and will not be able to help the creation of a fair and equitable solution. In short, I cannot say that neither the EU nor the USA will solve this problem. Perhaps a solution initiative under the umbrella of the UN, as in the past, can turn into reality if both parties allow it. Turkey has since long time been responding the US and the EU impositions in the Cyprus issue and will continue to do so. The destination of Turkey’s measures that will take against such repressions is clear.

By Elnur Enveroglu

 

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